Contact and Droplet Precautions - MN Dept. of Health (2023)

In addition to Standard Precautions, use a combonation of Contact and Droplet Precautions in the care of patients known or suspected to have illnesses like ________________________________.

Illnesses requiring contact precautions may include, but are not limited to: ________________________________.

(Video) Infection Preventionist Series | Webinar 4: Transmission Precautions

Additional Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Contact with Droplet Precautions

Contact with Droplet precatutions are in addition to Standard Precautions


  • Wear gloves when touching the patient and the patient’s immediate environment or belongings
  • Remove gloves promptly after use and discard before touching non-contaminated items or environmental surfaces, and before providing care to another patient
  • Wash hands immediately after removing gloves


(Video) Infection Control Concerns/Tips for Transmission-Based Precautions

  • Wear a fluid resistant, non-sterile gown if substantial contact with the patient or their environment is anticipated.
  • Do not wear the same gown for the care of more than one patient

Masks and Respirators

  • Wear a facemask, such as a procedure or surgical mask, for close contact (within 3 feet of the patient) with the patient; the facemask should be donned upon entering the exam room

Other Face and Eye Protection

  • Wear eye protection (goggles and/or face shields) for potential splash or spray of blood, respiratory secretions, or other body fluids.
  • Personal eyeglasses and contact lenses arenotconsidered adequate eye protection
  • May use goggles with facemasks

Contact and Droplet Precautions - MN Dept. of Health (1)

(Video) Screening for High Consequence Infectious Disease (HCID)

Additional PPE might be required in certain situations (e.g., copious amounts of blood, other body fluids, vomit, or feces present in the environment), including but not limited to double gloving, disposable shoe covers, and leg coverings.

Additional Procedures

Private Room

  • Place patient in private room or cohort with patients infected or colonized with the same organism if needed.



  • Instruct patient to wear a facemask when exiting the exam room, avoid coming into close contact with other patients, and practice respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette
  • Instruct patients with known or suspected infectious diarrhea to use a separate bathroom, if available; clean/disinfect the bathroom before it can be used again

see also>>Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Infection Control


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What is standard contact and droplet precautions? ›

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact precautions (for diseases spread by direct or indirect contact), droplet precautions (for diseases spread by large particles in the air), and airborne precautions (for diseases spread by small particles in the air).

What PPE is required for droplet and contact precautions? ›

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Wear a fit-tested, seal-checked N95 respirator, gown, gloves, and eye protection (face shield, goggles and some safety glasses) when providing direct care. Other appropriate PPE includes a well-fitted medical mask based on a point-of-care risk assessment.

What is the proper protocol for droplet precautions? ›

If on Droplet Precautions, the patient should wear a surgical- type face mask and follow cough etiquette when outside of their room. For patients in airborne infection isolation, the patient should also wear a surgical face mask and follow cough etiquette.

Do you need a N95 for droplet precautions? ›

Therefore UI Health Care recommends droplet precautions (medical/surgical mask) + contact precautions (gown/gloves) + face protection (goggles or face shield) for routine care of suspected/confirmed COVID-19 patients, and the use of airborne PPE (N95 mask) + contact + eye protection when aerosol generating procedures ...

What is required for contact precautions? ›

Healthcare personnel caring for patients on Contact Precautions wear a gown and gloves for all interactions that may involve contact with the patient or potentially contaminated areas in the patient's environment.

What does the CDC term Standard Precautions apply to contact with? ›

The CDC term "Standard Precautions" applies to contact with... all body fluids, secretions, and excretions except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain blood.

What is the minimum PPE for droplet? ›

PPE for contact includes gloves and gowns, while airborne requires an extra N95 or N99 respirator or PAPR. Standard PPE, masks, and eye protection are also required for droplet precautions.

What are the four basic rules of Standard Precautions? ›

Hand hygiene. Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear). Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette. Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).

What are enhanced droplet contact precautions? ›

Enhanced Droplet/Contact Precautions are required for patients diagnosed with, or suspected of having infectious microorganisms transmitted by both the Droplet and Contact routes, as well as by droplet nuclei suspended in the air during aerosol generating medical procedures (AGMP).

What is an example of a droplet infection? ›

Examples of microorganisms that are spread by droplet transmission are: influenza, colds, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and some organisms causing pneumonia.

Is RSV a droplet precaution? ›

Δ RSV may be transmitted by the droplet route but is primarily spread by direct contact with infectious respiratory secretions.

What PPE is required for modified contact droplet isolation? ›

Patient must wear a surgical mask during transport. Drape or “mummy-wrap” the patient with a clean sheet. The transporter will wear a mask with eye shield while transporting the patient and will bring clean gloves.

What are the 2 drug resistant organisms that require contact precautions? ›

They include: MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) RGNR (Resistant Gram Negative Rods)

What are the 4 types of precautions? ›

Infection control principles and practices for local public health agencies
  • Contact precautions. ...
  • Droplet precautions. ...
  • Airborne precautions. ...
  • Note on eye protection.
Jan 18, 2023

What are the 5 Standard Precautions for infection control? ›

Standard Precautions
  • Hand hygiene.
  • Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
  • Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
  • Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
  • Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
  • Sterile instruments and devices.

Is RSV a droplet or contact? ›

How does RSV spread? RSV is spread through contact with droplets from the nose and throat of infected people when they cough and sneeze. RSV can also spread through dried respiratory secretions on bedclothes and similar items. RSV can remain on hard surfaces for several hours and on skin for shorter amounts of time.


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