Contact Precautions - MN Dept. of Health (2023)

In addition to Standard Precautions, use Contact Precautions in the care of patients known or suspected to have a serious illness easily transmitted by direct patient contact or by indirect contact with items in the patient’s environment.

(Video) Updated Guidance: Visiting Loved Ones in Long-Term Care

Illnesses requiring contact precautions may include, but are not limited to: presence of stool incontinence (may include patients with norovirus, rotavirus, or Clostridium difficile), draining wounds, uncontrolled secretions, pressure ulcers, presence of generalized rash, or presence of ostomy tubes and/or bags draining body fluids.

Additional Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Contact Precautions

Contact precautions are in addition to Standard Precautions

(Video) What additional precautions should an unvaccinated DSP consider?



  • Wear gloves when touching the patient and the patient’s immediate environment or belongings
  • Remove gloves promptly after use and discard before touching non-contaminated items or environmental surfaces, and before providing care to another patient
  • Wash hands immediately after removing gloves


(Video) What precautions should hunters take to avoid possible COVID infections from deer?


  • Wear a fluid resistant, non-sterile gown if substantial contact with the patient or their environment is anticipated
  • Do not wear the same gown for the care of more than one patient

Additional Procedures


  • Private room or cohort, (room) patients infected or colonized with the same organism
  • Prioritize placement of patients in an exam room if they have stool incontinence, draining wounds and/or skin lesions that cannot be covered, or uncontrolled secretions


  • Instruct patients with known or suspected infectious diarrhea to use a separate bathroom, if available; clean/disinfect the bathroom before it can be used again

How contact transmission occurs:

  • Contact transmission can occur in two ways:
    • Direct Contact Transmission
    • Indirect Contact Transmission

Contact precautions are required to protect against either direct or indirect transmission.

Contact precautions are indicated for persons with gastrointestinal (diarrheal) illness, and incontinent persons including those who use incontinent products.

(Video) Protect Your Family and Your Community from Tuberculosis

Direct Contact Transmission

  • Involves body-surface to body-surface contact and physical transfer of microorganisms between a susceptible person (host) and an infected or colonized person.
  • More often occurs between a health care worker and a patient than between patients.

Indirect Contact Transmission

  • Involves contact of susceptible person (host) with a contaminated intermediate object such as needles, dressings, gloves or contaminated (unwashed) hands.
  • Disease is more likely to develop following direct or indirect contact transmission when the pathogen is highly virulent or has a low infectious dose or the patient or health care worker is immunocompromised.
  • Poor hand hygiene is most often cited as a cause of contact transmission.

see also>>Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Infection Control


(Video) Coronavirus precautions in Minnesota

Last Updated: 10/20/2022

(Video) How can DSPs control the spread of COVID-19?


What do you need for contact precautions? ›

Use personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriately, including gloves and gown. Wear a gown and gloves for all interactions that may involve contact with the patient or the patient's environment. Donning PPE upon room entry and properly discarding before exiting the patient room is done to contain pathogens.

What are contact precautions in healthcare? ›

Contact Precautions are intended to prevent transmission of infectious agents, including epidemiologically important microorganisms, which are spread by direct or indirect contact with the patient or the patient's environment as described in I.B. 3. a.

What does the CDC term standard precautions apply to contact with _____? ›

The CDC term "Standard Precautions" applies to contact with... all body fluids, secretions, and excretions except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain blood.

What PPE is used for contact precautions? ›

Health care personnel caring for patients on Contact Precautions must wear a gown and gloves for all interactions that involve contact with the patient and the patient environment. PPE should be donned prior to room entry and doffed at the point of exit.

Do you have to close the door for contact precautions? ›

Tie the gown at your neck and waist, and put the cuffs of the gloves over the cuffs of the gown. Enter the patient's room. You can leave the door open or close it.

What is included in contact precautions quizlet? ›

Hand hygiene, cover nose when coughing/sneezing, wear gown and gloves if soiling is likely, wear mask for splashing.


1. How can DSPs control the spread of COVID-19?
(Institute on Community Integration)
2. CDI Toolkit for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Settings
(Lake Superior Quality Innovation Network (Lake Superior QIN))
3. Zika: What you need to know
4. Coronavirus PSA Symptoms, Prevention and Travel History - American Sign Language (ASL)
5. Screening for High Consequence Infectious Disease (HCID)
6. 16 NCOVID Hospital Precautions
(Nurse Juan OFW)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Roderick King

Last Updated: 11/09/2023

Views: 5981

Rating: 4 / 5 (51 voted)

Reviews: 90% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Roderick King

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: 3782 Madge Knoll, East Dudley, MA 63913

Phone: +2521695290067

Job: Customer Sales Coordinator

Hobby: Gunsmithing, Embroidery, Parkour, Kitesurfing, Rock climbing, Sand art, Beekeeping

Introduction: My name is Roderick King, I am a cute, splendid, excited, perfect, gentle, funny, vivacious person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.