For Patients | MRSA | CDC (2023)

In healthcare facilities such as hospitals and nursing homes, patients or residents most likely to get an MRSA infection are those with other health conditions making them sick. Also, hospital or nursing home patients who have been treated with antibiotics, have wounds or invasive medical devices such as catheters, or have certain procedures like surgery or dialysis are more likely to get an infection.

Being treated in the same room as or close to another patient with MRSA can also increase a patient’s risk of getting MRSA, as the bacteria are easily spread on unclean hands or medical equipment. In general, the first step in getting a MRSA infection is carrying the germ (also called becoming colonized with MRSA). Once a person has MRSA they are at higher risk for getting an infection.

People who are healthy and who have not been in the hospital or a nursing home can also get MRSA infections. These community infections usually involve the skin. This type of MRSA infection is known as community-associated MRSA. There are steps you can take to prevent MRSA infections in the community where you live, work, and play.


Does Bactrim have MRSA coverage? ›

At home — Treatment of MRSA at home usually includes a 7- to 10-day course of an antibiotic (by mouth) such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (brand name: Bactrim), clindamycin, minocycline, linezolid, or doxycycline.

What is the protocol for MRSA patients? ›

Carefully clean hospital rooms and medical equipment. Use Contact Precautions when caring for patients with MRSA (colonized, or carrying, and infected). Contact Precautions mean: Whenever possible, patients with MRSA will have a single room or will share a room only with someone else who also has MRSA.

What is the drug of choice for MRSA? ›

Vancomycin or daptomycin are the agents of choice for treatment of invasive MRSA infections [1]. Alternative agents that may be used for second-line or salvage therapy include telavancin, ceftaroline, and linezolid. Recent studies of treatment of MRSA bacteremia are reviewed.

What are the first signs of MRSA? ›

MRSA usually appear as a bump or infected area that is red, swollen, painful, warm to the touch, or full of pus. If you or someone in your family experiences these signs and symptoms, cover the area with a bandage and contact your healthcare professional.

Is Bactrim a very strong antibiotic? ›

Yes. Bactrim is a potent drug combination used to treat opportunistic infections of pneumonia, skin, bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea, respiratory and intestine infections. Both trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole act to deprive folic acid bacteria, essential for the growth of such conditions.

What bacteria does Bactrim not cover? ›

Bactrim will not treat viral infections, such as a cold, or some bacterial infections such as those caused by streptococcal bacteria. Discontinue and seek urgent medical advice if a skin rash develops.

What antibacterial soap is good for MRSA? ›

Use an antibacterial soap containing 2% Chlorhexidine (such as Endure 420 or Dexidin). When do I start? Start both treatments on the same day and continue for a total of 7 days.

Is it OK to be around someone with MRSA? ›

Anyone can get MRSA. Infections range from mild to very serious, even life- threatening. MRSA is contagious and can be spread to other people through skin-to- skin contact. If one person in a family is infected with MRSA, the rest of the family may get it.

What is the best body wash for MRSA? ›

Recommended MRSA nasal ointment and antiseptics:
  • nasal ointment – mupirocin 2 per cent (Bactroban) – this is available by prescription from your doctor.
  • antiseptic body wash (triclosan 1 per cent or chlorhexidine 4 per cent) available over-the-counter at a pharmacy.

Can you get rid of MRSA completely? ›

MRSA is resistant to many antibiotics so it can be difficult to treat. However, there are antibiotics that can treat MRSA and make the infection go away. Your doctor may culture your infection and have the lab test the bacteria to find out which antibiotic is best for you.

What is the most powerful antibiotic for MRSA? ›


Vancomycin is one of the most powerful antibiotics in the world. It's available in both oral and IV forms. But it's only used as an oral medication in very specific circumstances. For MRSA treatment, people usually get the IV form of vancomycin.

How long does it take to get rid of MRSA? ›

You may need antibiotics for a few days or up to a few months, depending on how serious the infection is. If you get complications, you may need further treatment, such as surgery to drain a build-up of pus (abscess).

How does a person get MRSA? ›

MRSA is spread by contact. You could get MRSA by touching another person who has it on their skin. Or you could get it by touching things that have the bacteria on them. MRSA is carried by about 2% of the population (or 2 in 100 people), although most of them aren't infected.

Where do most people carry MRSA? ›

Where are the most common places to detect MRSA? MRSA is commonly found in the nose, back of the throat, armpits, skin folds of the groin and in wounds. The only way to know if you have MRSA is by sending a swab or a sample, such as urine, to the hospital laboratory for testing.

What internal organ is most affected by MRSA? ›

MRSA most commonly causes relatively mild skin infections that are easily treated. However, if MRSA gets into your bloodstream, it can cause infections in other organs like your heart, which is called endocarditis. It can also cause sepsis, which is the body's overwhelming response to infection.

How effective is bactrim against MRSA? ›

MRSA isolates sensitive to bactrim increased from 96.15% in 2010 to 100% in 2012 and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) isolates sensitive to bactrim increased from 89.47% in 2010 to 100% in 2012. MSSA isolates sensitive to clindamycin/erythromycin increased from 68.2% to 83.33% over the study period.

Is bactrim or vancomycin better for MRSA bacteremia? ›

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is recommended for the treatment of uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections but not for MRSA bacteraemia or pneumonia. Vancomycin is the primary treatment recommendation for these infections.

What bacteria is covered by Bactrim? ›

Indications for TMP and SMX
  • A broad spectrum of gram-positive bacteria (including some strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. ...
  • A broad spectrum of gram-negative bacteria. ...
  • Protozoans Cystoisospora. ...
  • The fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii.

Do sulfa drugs treat MRSA? ›

(3) Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole does appear to be an effective drug in the treatment of SSTIs caused by MRSA, and earlier studies have shown that the drug is at least as effective as other available oral antimicrobial choices such as doxycycline (1) or clindamycin (3, 4).


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